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Oral Cancer

Oral Cancer, Lip Cancer and Mouth Cancer Resources

Oral cancer is part of a group of cancers called head and neck cancers. Oral cancer can develop in any part of the oral cavity or oropharynx.[1] Oral cancer is very common and can be avoided by taking care of ones lifestyle. Excessive intake of alcohol and cigarettes etc should be avoided.[2] Oral cancer is a major global threat to public health, causing great morbidity and mortality rates that have not improved in decades. Oral cancer development is a tobacco-related multistep and multifocal process involving field carcinogenesis and intraepithelial clonal spread.[3]

Oral cancer is one of the most expensive forms to treat, with an advanced case costing upward of $200,000. Patients with oral cancer treated in its early stages face less chances of post-treatment disfigurement.[4] Oral cancer is the 6th most common cancer in men and the 14th most common cancer in women. [5] Oral cancer is any malignant growth found in the mouth or throat. These cancers typically begin on the tongue or bottom of the mouth.[6]

Oral cancer is strongly associated with smoking or chewing tobacco: About 90% of people with oral cancers use tobacco. The risk increases with the amount and length of tobacco use.[7] Oral cancer is a malignant growth involving the tongue, floor, palate, interior lining of the cheeks or lips, or other parts of the mouth or pharynx. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.[8] Oral cancer is most common in men, African Americans, Native Americans, adults over age 40, smokers, and heavy alcohol drinkers. However, one out of four cases occur in non-smokers and people under age 30.[9]

Oral cancer is curable. But success depends on detecting it early.[10] Oral cancer is the most common cancer among men in India mainly due to the habit of using smokeless tobacco. Pre-cancerous lesions like leukoplakia, melanoplakia, erythroplakia,oral submucous fibrosis and indolent ulcers can be easily detected by periodic examination of the oral cavity of the at-risk populations.[11] Oral cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer in African-American men. [12]

Oral cancer is the largest group of those cancers which fall into the head and neck cancer category. Common names for it include such things as mouth cancer, tongue cancer, and throat cancer.[13]

Treatment of oral cancer is best undertaken at the earliest stage. Early detection results in the best chances for successful treatment.[15] Treatment depends on the type and location of the salivary gland cancer, as well as the extent of spreading. According to the American Cancer Society, salivary gland cancers account for less than one percent of all cancers.[16] Treatment for oral cancer depends on its stage. Early stage cancers that are limited to the oral cavity may be treated by surgery alone.[17]

Patients with oral cancer treated in its early stages face less chances of post-treatment disfigurement. When detected early, treatment tends to be more conservative, producing fewer complications and permanent disfigurements.[20] Patient lifestyle choices probably accounted for the development of the lesions seen in the images on this page, and also contributed to the fact that they grew so large before diagnosis. [21] Patients love the reassurance it giveswhen we use it routinely. Our oral surgeons were initially sceptical and said a good visual check is all you need but Velscope finds things before you can see them with the naked eye and they are now trialing the Velscope.[22]

Patients suffer from constant dryness of the mouth and eyes, as well as many other systemic problems. In this recent study, the scientists analyzed saliva from patients with and without Sj?n's syndrome to find out whether the amounts and types of salivary proteins differed.[23] Patients who have lost their teeth must be specifically counseled about returning for prescribed, regular recall examinations. They may wrongly think that, as they do not have all or any of their teeth, they do not need to be regularly followed by a prosthodontist.[24] Patients with oral cancer have a poor prognosis, and the 5-year survival rate of approximately 50% has remained unchanged for the past 50 years. Perhaps the single most important reason for this is the fact that oral cancers continue to be diagnosed in advanced stages.[25]

Screening for cancer involves examination for early stages in the development of the disease even though there are no apparent symptoms. This holds true for oral and mouth cancers where your dentist or oral hygienist can detect changes in the tissues of the mouth when they are pre-cancerous or very small tumors.[29] Screening for Oral Cancer RECOMMENDATION There is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against routine screening of asymptomatic persons for oral cancer by primary care clinicians. All patients should be counseled to discontinue the use of all forms of tobacco (see Chapter 54) and to limit consumption of alcohol (see Chapter 52).[30]

Dentists are the very best when it comes to finding early lesions in the mouth that could eventually wind up being cancerous. Studies show that dentists and dental hygienists may be the most thoroughly trained and the most sensitive to early, subtle changes in the mouth that could signal trouble later on.[31] Dentists who are committed to fighting oral cancer are listed on this site and can be found under Find A Doctor. [32]

Squamous cell carcinoma usually develops from lesions on the mucous membranes, including leukoplakia (white patches) and erythroplakia (red patches). Other types of oral cancer include lymphoma , sarcoma, melanoma , and salivary gland tumors .[33] Squamous cell carcinoma is malignant and tends to spread rapidly. [34]

Tobacco use in either smoking or chewing form was present in 29 of the 44 cases. The mean duration of the habit in these cases was 10.2 years at an average frequency of 3 to 5 times per day.[35] Tobacco use is most likely to cause oral cancer in the floor of the mouth, but also causes cancer in the oral cavity and oropharynx and on the lips. [36] Tobacco has little or no relation to these cancers. [37]

HPV infection drives cancerous growth, as it is widely understood to do in the cervix. But unlike cervical cancer, this type of oral cancer is more prevalent in men.[39] HPV infection drives cancerous growth, as it is widely understood to do in the cervix. But unlike cervical cancer, this type of oral cancer is more prevalent in men.[40]

Healthcare factors and psychosocial factors may play a role but the research in this area is sparse, atheoretical and of poor quality. [42] Health education programs only marginally increased compliance rates. Compliance problems of the Indian and Sri Lankan studies are likewise a possibility in the United States and other countries, which also have experienced suboptimal compliance among high-risk tobacco and alcohol users.[6 ] Contradictory oral cancer screening recommendations have been issued by the U.S.[43]

Quitting tobacco and alcohol use significantly lowers your risk of developing these cancers, even after years of use. [46] Quitting tobacco reduces the risk of oral cancer. Also, quitting reduces the chance that a person with oral cancer will get a second cancer in the head and neck region.[47]

Did you know that you can control your odds of experiencing some pregnancy related complications? Everyone knows that nutrition has some importance during pregnancy.[50] Different types of oral cancer may develop in different areas of the mouth and throat. [51] Dillon said on Good Morning America, "People think the face of oral cancer is a 70-year-old man who's been chewing tobacco and drinking whisky all his life. The face of oral cancer now is me, a young woman, healthy, non-smoking, fit.".Many insurance companies cover the ViziLite Plus exam.[52]

Smoke and heat from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes irritate the mucous membranes of the mouth. Use of chewing tobacco or snuff causes irritation from direct contact with the mucous membranes.[53] Smoke and heat from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes irritate the mucous membranes of the mouth. Use of chewing tobacco or snuff causes irritation from direct contact with the mucous membranes.[54] Smokers, in fact, are six times more likely than nonsmokers to develop oral cancer. Users of smokeless tobacco have a 50 times more likely chance of developing oral cancer.[55]

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Methods:In the present study, the serum levels of alpha1-antitrypsin in 60 patients with oral cancer and 20 age and sex matched normal controls were evaluated. A caseinolytic method was employed in the evaluation of A1-AT.[59] Methods used to treat oral cancers (surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy) are disfiguring and costly. Preventing high risk behaviors, that include cigarette, cigar or pipe smoking, use of smokeless tobacco, and excessive use of alcohol are critical in preventing oral cancers.[60]